Colloque : priorité de sécurité européennes
On me prie de signaler la conférence SecDef qui se tiendra à Bruxelles le 7 novembre prochain. Le sujet mérite en effet qu'on y réfléchisse.... !
Re-thinking Europe's security priorities
Avec du beau linge : entre autres, Jaap de Hoop Scheffer, Radoslaw Sikorski, Gérard Longuet, Thomas de Maizière, Michel Barnier, Claude-France Arnould, Yves de Kermabon, Anne-François de Saint Salvy, Jean-Louis Falconi, Ange Mancini, Lt. Gen. Ton Van Osch, Pierre Vimont.... Détails ici.
- 09:30-11:00 PLENARY SESSION
Europe's security thinking is due to undergo an important overhaul once the EU's new diplomatic arm - the European External Action Service (EEAS) -formulates coherent responses to fast-moving security challenges. How can these responses be reconciled with member states' national political cultures and perceived interests? Issues ranging from missile defence to energy and military industrial cooperation to border security continue to divide member states and therefore EU relations with the Union's southern and eastern neighbourhoods. The idea of a pan-European security space that includes Russia has yet to find consensus in Europe, so what realistically should the EU's security objectives be and what political, economic and military instruments should it develop to further these?
- 11:00-11:30 COFFEE BREAK
- 11:30-13:00 PARALLEL SESSIONS I
The renewed Franco-British defence cooperation agreement was meant to give new impetus to EU's Common Foreign and security policy (CFSP). Have disagreements over military intervention in Libya highlighted weaknesses at the core of this policy? Can the renewed cooperation between France, Poland, and Germany promised by the so-called Weimar Triangle's summit in February 2011 give new impetus to the goal of a shared foreign policy? How might the Weimar Triangle harness political consensus in Europe to speed up decision-making and the planning and conduct of foreign operations? Is the EU now making progress in setting up its own command control structures and has the time come for a single military authority? What foreign affairs role should the rotating EU presidency exercise? Improving Europe's situation awareness
France's 2008 Defence White Paper emphasised that "in a world characterised by uncertainty and instability, knowledge represents our first line of defence." Yet European leaders appear to have varying levels of reliable intelligence. Do national security providers liaise with each other, and do the entities that make up the embryo EU information service have the means to analyse fast-moving crises and plan responses? Can Europe enhance cooperation in the area of open-source intelligence, and would a central European open-source authority be useful? Strengthening Europe's crisis management
Crisis management in humanitarian emergencies is one of the EU's strengths, but rising demand for closer civ-mil cooperation means there is still room for improvement. What best practices are being drawn from operations in the Horn of Africa, and how can the tools now widely available throughout the EU be better coordinated? Can coordinated strategic planning between European development projects and crisis management teams improve the EU's security and peacekeeping efforts? What are the prospects for mutually beneficial co-operation in crisis management between the EU and other international actors such as NATO?
- 13:00-14:0 LUNCH
- 14:00-15:30 PLENARY SESSION
Europe's military shortcomings have made headlines around the world because the Libya crisis has coincided with recession-driven defence cuts across Europe. But what of Europe's defence industries now that the EU's defence package heralds the end to national exception from single market rules? Could it be that heightened concerns over Europe's security responsibilities will put cross-border partnerships, pooling and a drive against duplication much higher on the political agenda? Should the EU combine its long-standing aim of a single market in defence equipment with that of a single security market? Would such a move improve security of supply in the EU and help strengthen Europe's military outreach with advanced surveillance and weapons technologies?
- 15:30-16:00 COFFEE BREAK
- 16:00-17:30 PARALLEL SESSIONS II
European forces face increasingly severe equipment shortages in key capability areas, ranging from tactical troop transport to civil protection. To what extent could greater pooling and sharing reinforce Europe's military outreach? Is it time for European countries to accept "mutualisation" of key types of equipment and personnel, and how far will NATO membership affect certain member states' choices? Are civilians better than their military counterparts at sharing capabilities?
The European Commission and EEAS suffered a major cyber-attack on the eve of the March 24, 2011 summit, just months after an attack on France's finance ministry. Cybersecurity has for some time been top of the agenda for public and private sectors, yet the EU still has not developed a coherent response. What are the implications of this leadership vacuum for critical infrastructure protection? What can greater public-private partnerships do to provide solutions?
Operation Atalanta and the Libyan situation both demonstrate that the EU is increasingly dealing with the maritime dimension and global challenges such as organized crime, piracy, drug and human trafficking, illegal immigration or the disruption of trade routes and energy supplies. Can the EU harness the wide range of tools and agencies at its disposal, such as EMSA, FRONTEX and its member states' national navies, to specifically tackle these maritime challenges? What legal or technical hurdles still prevent the EU from defending its interests and strategic supplies at sea? Could a European Coastguard coordinate the many national and international actors at sea? What EU capabilities exist in maritime surveillance, and is there room for cooperation with NATO in this field?
- 18:00-19:00 CLOSING DEBATE